EcotourismConservation of Varied Ecosystems
Well preserved ecosystems, variegated landscapes and a vast array of flora and fauna make Cuba an exceptional Caribbean destination for nature lovers.
Four per cent of the world’s land species live on the Cuban archipelago. It is home to some 6,700 species of higher plants (about half of which are native) as well as 14,000 species of invertebrates and 650 vertebrates—including 350 bird species. Among Cuba’s countless gems are the world’s smallest frog (Eleutherodactylus limbatus, only 12 millimetres long) and tiniest bird (Mellisuga helenae—the bee hummingbird, some 63 millimetres long).
Roaming through the country, visitors will find lush tropical forests, where rare orchids grow; dry mountainous areas, where prehistoric cacti still live; everglades populated by mangrove,manatee and flamingoes; wetlands harbouring speciesimportant tobiotechnology;and hummocks that guard fossillized plants such as the cork palm(Microcycascalocoma).
The country also boasts more than 100 nature trails and hiking paths.Main hiking routes arewell signed, and professional guides are available. Spelunking, bird-watching, nature photography and horseback riding are only a few of the activities awaiting nature lovers.
Guaniguanico Mountain Range: Noted for unusual rock formations surrounding the Viñales Valley, an agricultural heartland.
Weather in Cuba
More than just...
Cuba is more than just the largest island in the Antilles.
It is an ontrincate archipielago comprising the main island (about two thirds the size of Florida), the Isle of Youth and about 4,195 key (cayos) and islets.
The combined surface area of these Caribbean land masses is some 110,992 square kilometers and 140 kilometers of...